Publications in the School of Engineering in the last 22 Years (1996-2017)
2017
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Mubiana Macwan’gi, Mundia Muya, Lungowe Matakala and Nalukui Milapo (2017) Evolving cultural norms at crossroads with legal frameworks in reducing corruption in the procurement of construction projects in Zambia, International Journal of Advances in Mechanical and Civil Engineering, ISSN: 2394-2827 Volume-4, Issue-5, Oct.-2017, IRAJ DOI Number - IJAMCE-IRAJ-DOI-9200, http://www.iraj.in/journal/journal_file/journal_pdf/13-402-151141711647-51.pdf
2.    L. Matakala, M. Muya, M. Macwan’gi, J. Tambatamba, B. Mwiya, J. Kalyongwe, N. Milapo, B. Sidono, K. Kazungu and V. Byusa (2017) Gaps and Challenges in the Legal Framework Regulating Corruption in Construction Procurement in Zambia. The International Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Research, ISSN: 3471-7102, Paper-I CFP/515/2017, http://www.multiresearch.net/cms/publications/CFP5152017.pdf
3.    Nchimunya Hanyama and Dani Banda (2017). Policies and Legislation for Internet Access and Usage in Zambia, Journal of Science and Technology 2017, 7(3): 72-78. DOI:10.5923/j.scit.20170703.02
4.    Katebe, R., Phiri, Z., and Nyirenda, E. (2017). Radon Concentration Levels Estimation in Some Drinking Water Samples from Communities around Lumwana Mine in North Western Province of Zambia. J. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 7 (1-2) (2017) 9-18, 9–18. DOI:10.17265/2161-6213/2017.1-2.002
5.    Nundwe M and Mulenga M.N. (2017). Delays in Construction of Electrical Power Transmission Lines in Zambia, American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS), Vol 30, No. 1
6.    Mwiya B., Muya M. and Kaliba C. (2017) Establishment of Construction Unit Cost Factor Input Values for Kohonen Architecture, Annals 10th ICEC World Congress, Rio de Janeiro – Brazil ISSN: 24481475
7.    Mundia Muya, Chisanga Kaluba, Ian Nzali Banda, Suzanne Rattray, Christopher Mubemba, Garry Mukelabai (2017)  Infrastructure Watch Culture: Zambia's Infrastructure Report Card, Civil Engineering and Architecture 5(1): 8-17, 2017. DOI: 10.13189/cea.2017.050102.
8.    Lubobya S.C., Dlodlo M.E., de Jager G., Zulu A. (2017), Link Utilization in Hybrid WiMAX-WiFi Video Surveillance Systems. in Springer’s Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Vol.553, pp.1-775, 2017. ISSN: 2194-5357
9.    Baruch Mulenga Bwalya and Simon Tembo (2017), Performance Evaluation of Buffer Size for Access Networks in First Generation Optical Networks. International Journal of Internet of Things , Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 98 – 105, 2017. DOI: 10.5923/j.ijit.20170603.02.  http://www.sapub.org/Journal/articles.aspx?journalid=1048.
10.    Patience Kunda Banda and Simon Tembo (2017), Factors Leading to Mobile Telecommunications Customer Churn in Zambia. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, Vol. 31, pp. 143 - 154, 2017. ISSN: 1663-4144; DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/JERA.31.143
11.    Gregory Malunga and Simon Tembo (2017) Implementation of E-health in Developing Countries Challenges and Opportunities - A Case of Zambia. Science and Technology: Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 41 – 53, 2017. p-ISSN: 2163-2669; e-ISSN: 2163-2677; DOI: 10.5923/j.scit.20170702.02.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Sebastian Namukolo, Christopher Kapasa, Douglas Tutu, and Mundia Muya (2017) Lightning Protection and Local Earthing Systems of Weighbridges Infrastructure: A Case Study of Kafue Weighbridge, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure - Strategies for Africa - DII –2017, 30 August - 1 September, 2017, Livingstone, Zambia, Page 168 -176, ISBN: 978-0-620-74121-7
2.    Banda F., Mwenda H.M. and Siaminwe L. (2017) Influence of Pass Schedule Design on Progressive Damage of Copper during Multi-Pass Wire Drawing Process, Paper presented at the 2017 International Multi-Disciplinary Conference on Knowledge Sharing and Innovation Competitiveness for Responsive and Sustainable Development, held on 23rd – 25th August, 2017 at Radisson Blu Hotel, Lusaka, Zambia.
3.    Mwewa Mambwe  and Erastus Mwanaumo (2017) The Impact of Organisational Safety Culture on Safety Health and Environment (SHE) in Zambia’s Electricity Distribution Operations Industry, In Fidelis Emuze and Mike Behm (Eds) Proceedings of the Joint CIB W099 and TG59 International Safety, Health, and People in Construction Conference on Towards better Safety, Health, Wellbeing, and Life in Construction, Cape Town, South Africa, 11-13 June 2017. ISBN: 978-1-920508-78-4
4.    Tembo J., Nyirenda E and Nyambe I., (2017) Enhancing Faecal Sludge Management in Peri-urban areas of Lusaka through Faecal Sludge Valorization: Challenges and Opportunities, 1st International Symposium on Green Technology for Value Chains 2016 IOP Publishing, IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 60 (2017) 0120 25 doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/60/1/012025
5.    Nkonde W. and Mwiya B., (2017) Determination of Project Duration in the Zambian Road Sector, 8th Africa Transportation Technology Transfer (T2) Conference, held on 08 – 10 May 2017 at Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia.
6.    Simate N. Isaac (2017) Low Cost Solar Thermal Technologies with High Potential on Rural Development. Paper presented at the 2017 EIZ National Symposium, “Industrialisation: Sustainability and Efficiency”, held on 7th April, 2017 in Livingstone.
7.    Kaoma Mwansa, Mwanza Mabvuto and Mpanga Shadreck (2017) Biomass Resource Potential and Enabling Environment for Bioenergy Production in Zambia. Paper presented at the 2017 EIZ National Symposium, “Industrialisation: Sustainability and Efficiency”, held on 7th April, 2017 in Livingstone.
8.    Chilumbu Dingiswayo and Zulu Ackim (2017) A Tool for Designing Small-Scale Stand-Alone Photovoltaic Plants. Paper presented at the 2017 EIZ National Symposium, “Industrialisation: Sustainability and Efficiency”, held on 7th April, 2017 in Livingstone.
9.    Mutambo Victor and Phiri James (2017) A Methodical Review of Condition Monitoring of Equipment as a Tool for Improving Productivity of Mines. Paper presented at the 2017 EIZ National Symposium, “Industrialisation: Sustainability and Efficiency”, held on 7th April, 2017 in Livingstone.
10.    Kabika Joel, Nyambe A. Imasiku and Nyirenda G. Edwin (2017) Recharge Estimation in the Barotse Basin using Base Flow Analysis coupled with a Water Balance. Paper presented at the 2017 EIZ National Symposium, “Industrialisation: Sustainability and Efficiency”, held on 7th April, 2017 in Livingstone.
11.    Mulonda Kamuti and Mwiya Richwell (2017) An Investigation on the Water Balance at GART in Chisamba. Paper presented at the 2017 EIZ National Symposium, “Industrialisation: Sustainability and Efficiency”, held on 7th April, 2017 in Livingstone.
12.    Musonda I., Okoro C.S. Mwanaumo E. (2017) Infrastructure Development in Africa: Eradicating Stumbling Blocks to Maximizing Investment Potentials, The Ninth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-9) “Revolutionizing the Architecture, Engineering and Construction Industry through Leadership, Collaboration and Technology” March 5th-7th, 2017, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
13.    Grayson Himunzowa and Farouk Smith (2017) Study of IFT Technique in a view to create Novel Hardware. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Technology (CICT), pp 1-7. DOI: 10.1109/CIACT.2017.797736
14.    Grain M. Munakaampe, Shamitiba B. Kanyanga, Peter Myler and Chizyuka G. Chizyuka (2017) Response of Natural Sisal Reinforced Polyester Composites to Three-Point and Four-Point Bending, Paper presented at the First International Conference on Sustainable Materials Processing and Manufacturing (SMPM), held on 23rd – 25th January, 2017 at Skukuza Camp in the Kruger National Park in South Africa.


2016
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Fred Mwila and Erastus M. Mwanaumo (2016) A situational study of rail transport usage in Zambia Journal of Business Administration and Management Sciences Research Vol. 5(6), pp. 077-088, December, 2016 , Available online athttp://www.apexjournal.org, ISSN 2315-8727© 2016 Apex Journal International
2.    Chizyuka G. Chizyuka, Shamitiba B. Kanyanga and Grain M. Munakaampe (2016) Effects of Hydrothermal Ageing on the Microbond Interfacial Shear Strength of NaOH treated Sisal Fibre Reinforced Polyester Composites. Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences (JONAS), Vol. 2 No. 1, pp 39-54. (ISSN: 2226-6429)
3.    Sikozi K.E., Siaminwe L. and Mwenda H.M. (2016) Multi-Facility Economic Zones in Zambia: An Assessment of the Local Manufacturing Industry Readiness. Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences (JONAS), Vol. 2 No. 1, pp 27-38. (ISSN: 2226-6429)
4.    Mwiya B., Muya M. and Kaliba C. (2016) Establishment of Construction Unit Cost Factor Input Values for Kohonen Architecture, Annals 10th ICEC World Congress, Rio de Janeiro – Brazil ISSN: 24481475
5.    Daka Philemon and Danni Eliya Banda (2016) The Impact of Adoption and Usage of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Selected Manufacturing and Business Firms in Zambia, Science and Technology, Vol. 6 No. 3, 2016, pp. 59-67. DOI: 10.5923/j.scit.20160603.01
6.    Joseph Kalunga and Simon Tembo (2016) Development of Fingerprint Biometrics Verification and Vetting Management System, American Journal of Bioinformatics Research, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 99 – 112, 2016. p-ISSN: 2167-6992 / e-ISSN: 2167-6976; DOI: 10.5923/j.bioinformatics.20160603.01
7.    Patience Kunda Banda and Simon Tembo (2016) A Study on Mobile Penetration Rate in a Multi-Simming Environment: The Case of Zambia, Microeconomics and Macroeconomics, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 37 – 45, July 2016. p-ISSN: 2168-457X / e-ISSN: 2168-4588; DOI: 10.5923/j.m2economics.20160402.01
8.    Njase Joel and Simon Tembo (2016) E-Policing as a Service: The Way Forward in Zambia, Science and Technology, Vol. 6. No. 2, pp. 45-58, July 2016. p-ISSN: 2163-2669/ e-ISSN: 2163-2677; DOI: 10.5923/j.scit.20160602.03
9.    Machaya L. and Tembo S. (2016) A Study on Memory Management in Wireless Sensor Nodes during Key Agreement Generation. International Journal of Networks and Communications 2016, 6(2): 19-23 DOI: 10.5923/j.ijnc.20160602.01
10.    Mpanga S., Kaoma M. and Zulu A. (2016) Paving the way for Energy Efficiency through Solar Power Projects in Zambia. International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science, Vol.2, No.3, May 2016, pp 1-5. ISSN: 2455-5304
11.    Aduke N. R. and Simate I.N. (2016) Greenhouse Solar Drying and Thin Layer Drying of Fresh Kapenta (Stolothrissa tanganicae). International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (IJSER). Volume 7, Issue 5, May-2016, pp. 749 – 756. ISSN 2229-5518. http://www.ijser.org
12.    Cherotich, S. and Simate, I.N. (2016) Experimental Investigation and Mathematical Modelling of a Natural Convection Solar Tunnel Dryer. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, (IJSER) Volume 7, Issue 5, May-2016, pp. 597 – 603. ISSN 2229-5518. http://www.ijser.org
13.    Kaoma C. and Muya M. (2016) Artisan Gaps in the Construction Industry in Zambia, American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences (ASRJETS), Vol.18, No.1, pp 235-251. P-ISSN: 2313-4410 / e-ISSN: 2313-4402
14.    Lesa E. and Tembo S. (2016) Study on Factors affecting Mobile Payment System in Zambia. International Journal of Management, April Issue, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 34-45. p-ISSN: 2162-9374 / e-ISSN: 2162-8416
15.    Kalupa C.S., Mwenda H.M. Siaminwe L. and Malama T. (2016) “Performance Assessment of Commercially available CAD/CAM Software in the Manufacture of Sculptured Surfaces on a 3-Axis Vertical Machining Centre (VMC)”. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT), February Issue, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp 574 – 579. (ISSN 2278-0181)
16.    Siaminwe L., Chizyuka C.G., H.M. Mwenda, Mwanza M.S. and Malama T. (2016) “Strategic Justification of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies through Manufacturing Technology Research”. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT), January Issue, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp 837 – 842. (ISSN 2278-0181)
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Lubobya S.C., M. E. Dlodlo, G. de Jager , A. Zulu (2016) Mobile Surveillance Application for Hybrid WiMAX-Wi-Fi Systems, in IEEE Global Wireless Summit, November 27-30, 2016, Aarhus, Denmark.
2.    Chisale P, John S. and Zulu A. (2016), Sustainable Renewable Energy Mini-Grids for Energy Access: Economic and Social Benefits of Mini-Grid Systems, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
3.    Zulu, A. John S. and Chisale P, (2016), Dual Studies - An Alternative Pedagogy for Renewable Energy Training in Southern Africa,  In Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
4.    Zulu A., Kaoma M., Muya M., Mpanga S. and Ngendo D.(2016), Research Requirements in Renewable Energy Technologies for Southern Africa, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
5.    Chipulu C., Mwanaumo E. M. and Mwiya B.(2016),  Comparison of the Clients, Consultant and Contractors Perspectives of Pre-Tender Unit Cost Factors in Zambia, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
6.    Mudzvokorwa T., Mwiya B. and Mwanaumo, E. M. (2016), Development of a Conceptual Main Contractor-Subcontractor Partnering Model, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
7.    Mwanaumo E. M., Mubuyaeta G., Chipulu C. and Chisumbe S. (2016), Identifying Health Risks related to Construction of Water Supply Infrastructure: Case of Lusaka Water, Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Project, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
8.    Mwanaumo E. M. and Chisumbe S. (2016), .Assessment of Employees Excessive Exposure to Solar Radiation on Zambian Construction Worksites, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
9.    Mwanaumo E. M., Chisumbe S. and Chipulu C.(2016),  Utilisation of Materials Safety Data Sheet on Zambian Construction Worksites, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
10.    Mwiya B., Muya M. and Kaliba C.(2016),  Adoption of Best Value Selection Method in the Zambian Road Sector, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
11.    Namukolo S., Zulu A., Nswana C. and Sitwala N. (2016), Turning to Smart Grid in Zambia, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
12.    Tembo S., Ngendo M., Mwenda H. and Malichi A.(2016),  Strategic Direction to Sustainable Electricity Generation in Zambia - A Critical Comparison of Electricity Generation Options, In  Mwanaumo E, Musonda I and Muleya F, (Eds) Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Development and Investment in Infrastructure Strategies for Africa,  31 August - 2 September, 2016 Livingstone, Zambia, ISBN 978-0-620-70336-9
13.    Sikozi K.E., Siaminwe L. and Mwenda H.M. (2016) Multi-Facility Economic Zones in Zambia: Is the Local Manufacturing Industry Ready? Paper presented at the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium on Achieving Sustainable Industrialisation, Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia, 22nd April, 2016.
14.    Tente P., Muya M., Kaliba C. and Mwanaumo E. (2016) Construction Accidents in Zambia: Causes and Remedial Measures. Paper presented at the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium themed on Achieving Sustainable Industrialisation, Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia, 22nd April, 2016.
15.    Chileshe J.M., Kamanga C. and Hong T. (2016) Performance and Interaction of Critical Elements of the Chain Ropeway System. Paper presented at the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium on Achieving Sustainable Industrialisation, Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia, 22nd April, 2016.
16.    Kandeke C. and Mulenga M.N. (2016) Effects of Vehicle Overload on Maintenance Management of Trunk Roads in Zambia. Paper presented at the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium on Achieving Sustainable Industrialisation, Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia, 22nd April, 2016.
17.    Mulenga M.N. (2016) Correlation of SPT with DPSH Test results – A Case for some Zambian Soils. Paper presented at the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium on Achieving Sustainable Industrialisation, Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia, 22nd April, 2016.
18.    Mwiya B., Muya M. and Kaliba C. (2016) Opportunities for Harmonisation of Ancillary Roadworks under Series 5000 of the SATCC Standards and Specifications. Paper presented at the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium on Achieving Sustainable Industrialisation, Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia, 22nd April, 2016.
19.    Chileshe J.M., Tembo S. and Lusambo E. (2016) Master of Engineering Degree in Renewable Energy Engineering at the University of Zambia. Paper presented at the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium on Achieving Sustainable Industrialisation, Avani Victoria Falls Resort, Livingstone, Zambia, 22nd April, 2016.


2015
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    D. Banda, M. Motoyoshi, T. Koizumi, O. Wada, T. T. Ta, S. Kameda, N. Suematsu, T. Takagi and K. Tsubouchi.(2015) 1/2fs Direct RF Under Sampling Receiver for Multi Channel Satellite Systems. IEICE Trans. Electron, VOL.E98-C, NO.7 July 2015, pp. 669-676.
2.    Lubobya, S. C.,  Dlodlo, M. E., de Jager , G. and Zulu, A. (2015) Performance Evaluation Of Hybrid WiMAX-WiFi Video Surveillance Systems, Journal of Information Technology and Software Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 43, ISSN:2165-7866; http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2165-7866.S1.002
3.    Sichilalu S.M. and Xia X. (2015) Optimal Energy Control of Grid Tied PV-Diesel-Battery Hybrid System Powering Heat Pump Water Heater, Solar Energy, Vol. 115, May 2015, pp. 243-254.
4.    Sichilalu S.M. and Xia X. (2015) Optimal Power Dispatch of a Grid Tied-Battery-Photovoltaic System Supplying Heat Pump Water Heaters, Energy Conversion and Management, April 2015.
5.    Lubobya S.C., Dlodlo, M.E., de Jager, G., and Zulu, A. (2015) Throughput Characteristics of WiMAX Video Surveillance Systems, Procedia Computer Science, Vol. 45, Mar. 2015, pp. 571-580. ISSN 1877-0509. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.03.110 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050915003464)
6.    Kaliba C., Muya M. and Mwiya B. (2015) Key Indicators of Knowledge Creation within Civil Engineering Consultancy Firms in Africa, International Journal of Engineering Research and Management Studies, Vol.2 No.2, pp 19-27, ISSN: 2394-7659
7.    Mwiya B., Muya M., Kaliba C. and Mukalula P. (2015) Construction Unit Rate Factor Modelling using Neural Networks, International Journal of Civil, Architectural, Structural and Construction Engineering, Vol.9 No.1, pp 29-34, ISSN: 1307-6892
8.    Sichilalu S.M. and Xia X. (2015) Optimal Power Control of Grid Tied PV-Diesel-Battery Hybrid System Powering Heat Pump Water Heaters, Energy Procedia, Vol. 75, pp. 1514-1521.
9.    Mosonda E. and Hunter I.C. (2015) Microwave Bandpass Filters using Re-Entrant Resonators, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 63, February 2015, pp. 954-964. ISSN 0018-9480; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2015.2389216
10.    Rochelle Holm, James Madalitso Tembo and Bernard Thole, (2015). A comparative study of faecal sludge management in Malawi and Zambia: Status, Challenges and Opportunities in Pit Latrine Emptying, Africa Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol 9 (11), pp 783-792. DOI: 10.5897/AJEST2015.1971
11.    Stephen Siwila, Kaulu Mushota and James Madalitso Tembo, (2015) “Assessing the Potential of Electrical Energy Generation through Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment Processes at Pestalozzi Education Center (pec)”. EC Agriculture 1.3: 158-166.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Lubobya, S. C., Dlodlo, M. E. de Jager , G. and Zulu, A. (2015) Performance Comparisons of Wireless Mesh IP Video Surveillance Models,  9th IEEE European Modelling Symposium on Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation , Oct. 2015, pp.415-420. ISBN: 978-1-5090-0206-1 (http://uksim.info/ems2015/data/0206a415.pdf)
2.    Mwansa, K., Mwanza, M., Zulu, A., Muya, M., Ngendo, D.M., Mpanga, S., Katende, J., Kelebopile, L., Oladiran, T., Onyango, T., Chisale, P., John, S., Zulu, A.M., Hüneke, M., Kapfhamer, S., Zörner, W., Kgathi, D., Mbaiwa, J.E. and Motsholapheko, M.R. (2015) State of Renewable Energy Technologies in Southern Africa, Proceedings of the International Conference on Clean Energy for Sustainable Growth in Developing Countries (CESGDC15), Palapye, Botswana, 16-18 Sep. 2015.
3.    Hüneke, M., Kapfhamer, S., Zörner, W., Zulu, A., Muya, M., Mwansa, K., Ngendo, D.M., Mpanga, S., Mbaiwa, J.E., Motsholapheko, M.R., Kgathi, D., Katende, J., Oladiran, T., John, S., Zulu, A.M., Chisale, P. (2015) Paving the Way for Widespread Implementation of Renewable Energy Technologies in the Southern African region, Proceedings of the International Conference on Clean Energy for Sustainable Growth in Developing Countries (CESGDC15), Palapye, Botswana, 16-18 Sep. 2015.
4.    T. Koizumi, M. Motoyoshi, D. Banda, O. Wada, S. Kameda, N. Suematsu, T. Takagi, K. Tsubouchi.(2015). A Ku-Band Series/Shunt Switching Type S/H IC for Direct RF Under Sampling Reception. Proceedings of the 45th European Microwave Conference, Paris, France, 7 – 10 Sept. 2015, ISBN 978-2-87487-039-2,  pp. 897 – 900
5.    Siamatu Ricky and Mwiya B. (2015) Use of labour production rates in the Zambian road sector. DII-2015 Conference on Infrastructure Investments in Africa, ISBN: 978-0-86970-782-1 on 16-18 September 2015 at Livingstone, Zambia.
6.    Chipulu Chipulu, Kaluba C. and Mwiya B. (2015) Adoption of Building Information Modelling in the Zambian Architectural, Engineering and Construction Industry. DII-2015 Conference on Infrastructure Investments in Africa, ISBN: 978-0-86970-782-1 on 16-18 September 2015 at Livingstone, Zambia.
7.    Musonda, M. M. J. and Mwanaumo, E. M. (2015) Risk Management: Improving Supply Chain Management. DII-2015 Conference on Infrastructure Investments in Africa, ISBN: 978-0-86970-782-1 on 16-18 September 2015 at Livingstone, Zambia.
8.    Chisumbe, S. and Mwanaumo, E. M. (2015) Evaluating Claims and their impacts on Project Delivery in the Zambian Construction Industry. DII-2015 Conference on Infrastructure Investments in Africa, ISBN: 978-0-86970-782-1 on 16-18 September 2015 at Livingstone, Zambia.
9.    Chisumbe, S. & Mwanaumo, E. M. (2015) An Evaluation of Provision of Workers’ Welfare Facilities and its Effects on Productivity on Zambian Construction Sites DII-2015 Conference on Infrastructure Investments in Africa, ISBN: 978-0-86970-782-1 on 16-18 September 2015 at Livingstone, Zambia.
10.    Ahluwalia Arti, Atwine Daniel, De Maria Carmelo, Ibingira Charles, Kipkorir Emmauel, Kiros Fasil, Madete June, Mazzei Daniele, Molyneux Elizabeth, Moonga Kando, Moshi Mainen, Nzomo Martin, Oduol Vitalice, Okuonzi John, (2015), Open Biomedical Engineering Education in Africa, IEEE-EMBS Proceedings, Milan 26-29 August 2015.
11.    Lubobya, C.S., Dlodlo, M.E., de Jagar, G. and Zulu, A. (2015) Throughput Characteristics of WiMAX Video Surveillance Systems, Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Computing Technologies and Applications (ICACTA), Mumbai, India, 26-27 March 2015.
12.    Lungomesha, E., and Zulu, A. (2015) Assessments of Electrification Systems for Zambia Railways main track. In Siaminwe L. and Munakaampe G.M. (Eds.), Engineering Knowledge Creation, Sharing and Collaboration. Paper presented at The 5th Engineers without Borders Conference, Livingstone, Zambia, 30 Apr. – 1 May 2015, pp. 192-198. ISSN: 978-9982-70-144-0.
13.    Mwiya B., Muya M., Kaliba C., Mukalula, P. (2015), Construction Unit Rate Factor Modelling Using Neural Networks, ICCSEE 2015: International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering on January, 13-14, 2015 at Zurich, Switzerland.


2014
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Banda F., Siaminwe L. and Mwenda H.M. (2014) Aspects of Die Geometry Influencing Drawability of Metals During Wire Drawing: A Literature Review. Journal for Manufacturing Science and Production (JMSP), Vol. 14 No.3, pp 141-150. ISSN 2191-4184, e-ISSN 2191-0375
2.    Mpanga S., Zulu A. and Ngoyi L. (2014) Study of Key Theoretical and Technical Features of Dynamic Loading of High Voltage Overhead Transmission Lines. International Journal of Engineering Innovation and Research, Jan/Feb 2014, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp 67-73. ISSN 2277-5668.
3.    Ngoyi L., Mpanga S. and Ngoyi A. (2014) The Relationship between Student Engagement and Social Presence in Online Learning. The World Academy of Research in Science and Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp 240-247.
4.    Kapulu M., Lusambo E. and Haankuku C. (2014) Iron Removal in Borehole Water: A Case Study of Luapula Province. UNZA Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences (JONAS), pp 39-52, Vol.1 Issue 1. ISSN: 2226-6429.
5.    Kabika J., Nyambe I.A., Larsen F., Vekerdy Z., Woldai T., Marker P.A., Munck N.S.M. and Bauer-Gottwein P. (2014) Groundwater Resource Assessment using Modelling and Remote Sensing: A Case Study of Sesheke, Zambia. UNZA Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences (JONAS), pp 53-68, Vol.1 Issue 1. ISSN: 2226-6429.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Zörner W., Hϋneke M., Kapfhhamer S., Zulu A., Muya M., Mwanza M., Ngendo D., Mpanga S., John S., Zulu A.M., Chisale P., Mbaiwa J.E., Motsholapheko M.R., Kgathi D., Katende J., and Oladiran T. (2014) Fostering the use of Renewable Energies in Southern Africa: The Network of Energy Excellence for Development. Proceedings of the International Conference on Solar Energy Technology in Development Cooperation, Frankfurt, Germany, 6-7 November, 2014.
2.    Banda D., Wada O., Ta T.T., Kameda S., Suematsu N., Takagi T. and Tsubouchi K. (2014) 1/2fs Direct RF Under Sampling Reception in different RX Channels. Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, Sendai, Japan, November 2014.
3.    Koizumi T., Motoyoshi M., Banda D., Kameda S., Suematsu N., Takagi T. and Tsubouchi K. (2014) A Series/Shunt Switching Type Sample and Hold CMOS IC for 1GHz-Band Direct RF Under Sampling Reception. Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, Sendai, Japan, November 2014.
4.    Chabota Kaliba, Mundia Muya and Balimu Sichombo (2014) Knowledge creation, integration and management in civil engineering consulting industry – A preliminary state of the nation. Paper presented at the 2014 EIZ Annual Symposium “Emerging Technologies and Innovations for Value Addition in Africa”, held at the Zambezi Sun Hotel, Livingstone, 18 April, 2014.
5.    Chitambeya Mvula Mukwangole and Michael N Mulenga (2014) Opportunities for better delivery of infrastructure by the Zambian construction industry. Paper presented at the 2014 EIZ Annual Symposium “Emerging Technologies and Innovations for Value Addition in Africa”, held at the Zambezi Sun Hotel, Livingstone, 18 April, 2014.
6.    Isaac N Simate (2014) Design and development of a local solar tunnel dryer. Paper presented at the 2014 EIZ Annual Symposium “Emerging Technologies and Innovations for Value Addition in Africa”, held at the Zambezi Sun Hotel, Livingstone, 18 April, 2014.
7.    Prisca Tente and Mundia Muya (2014) Safety and health in Zambia’s construction industry: Way forward. Paper presented at the 2014 EIZ Annual Symposium “Emerging Technologies and Innovations for Value Addition in Africa”, held at the Zambezi Sun Hotel, Livingstone, 18 April, 2014.
8.    Michael N Mulenga (2014) Structural health monitoring – A tool for sustainable civil infrastructure in Zambia. Paper presented at the 2014 EIZ Annual Symposium “Emerging Technologies and Innovations for Value Addition in Africa”, held at the Zambezi Sun Hotel, Livingstone, 18 April, 2014.
9.    Kapulu, M., Tembo, E., (2014) Sustainability and assessment of the impact of kiosk water supply in peri-urban areas: A case of Kanyama Compound. Abstract accepted and paper presented at the 2014 Zambia Water Forum and Exhibition (ZAWAFE) held at Mulungushi Conference Centre, Lusaka, 1-2 December, 2014.


2013
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Siaminwe L.(2013) “If Japan Can…Why Can’t We?: Why Zambia should put Total Quality Management at the centre of its Development Agenda”, in The Bank of Zambia (BOZ) Reader, Issues on the Zambian Economy, Vol 1. No. 9, Mission Press, Ndola, pp 87-101. ISBN 978-9982-870-06-1
2.    Muya M. and Mukumbwa B. (2013) Integrity Systems in Construction Organisations in Zambia, International Journal of Architecture, Engineering and Construction, Volume 2 Number 2, pp 1-15, ISSN 1911-110X (print) and ISSN 1911-1118 (online), International Association for Sustainable Development and Management (IASDM)
3.    Chizyuka C.G. and Kanyanga S.K. (2013) Effects of Hydrothermal Ageing on the Fracture Damage of Sisal Fibre Reinforced Polyster Composites, The Zambian Engineer, Vol. 46 No. 1. ISSN 1608-6678.
4.    Virdy S.S. and Chizyuka G.C. (2013) Numerical Modelling, Sizing and Testing of a Solar Bee Wax Extractor, The University of Zambia Journal of Science and Technology.
5.    Mukumbwa B. and Muya M. (2013) Ethics in the construction Industry in Zambia, The International Journal of Construction Management, Volume 13 Number 2, pp 43 – 65, ISSN: 15623599, The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management
6.    Muya Mundia, Chabota Kaliba, Balimu Sichombo and Winston Shakantu (2013) Cost escalation, schedule overruns and quality shortfalls on construction projects: the case of Zambia, The International Journal of Construction Management, Volume 13 Number 1, pp 53 – 68, ISSN: 15623599, The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management.
7.    Nyirenda E. (2013), Determination of the Mita Hill Reservior Power Generation Capacity using Reconstructed Historical Water Balance Regime, The Zambian Engineer, Vol. 46 No. 1. ISSN 1608-6678.
8.    Virdy S.S. and Yamba F.D. (2013) An Investigation in Barriers affecting the Implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in Zambian Firms, The Zambian Engineer, Vol. 46 No. 1, pp 20-32. ISSN 1608-6678.
9.    Sibooli, H and Phiri, Z (2013) Performance Characteristics of Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems in Peri-urban Areas in Zambia. The Zambian Engineer, Vol. 46 No. 1. ISSN 1608-6678.
10.    Kaoma M. and Yamba F.D. (2013) Potential Methane Emissions Reduction through Production and Utilisation of Biogas from Pig Manure – Case Study for Chongwe, Lusaka and Choma Districts of Zambia. Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Science, 2(2) 74-79.
11.    Mwiya R.M. (2013) Parabolic Channel Design. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Vol. 4 No. 4, pp 804-809. ISSN 2229-5518
12.    Mpanga S. (2013) Electromagnetic Field Evaluation of a 500-kV High Voltage Overhead Line. Telkomnika, Vol. 11 No.2, pp 789-796.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    D. Banda, O. Wada, T. T. Ta, S. Kameda, N. Suematsu, K. Tsubouchi.(2013) Direct RF Under Sampling Reception Method with Lower Sampling Frequency. 2013 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference Proceedings, Seoul, South Korea, 5 – 8 Nov.2013, ISBN 978-1-4799-1472-2, pp. 500-502
2.    Mwape J.C. (2013) Simulation of the Blind Source Separation Method in the Determination of Modal Properties in the MD ADAMS Environment. The Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 2013 National Symposium: Accelerating National Development through Engineering, Zambezi Sun, Livingstone, 12 April 2013.
3.    Situmbeko W.J.K., Zulu A., Malichi A.P., and Munodawaya M.C. (2013) Safety Considerations on the Control of the Kariba Dam Spillway Gates. The Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 2013 National Symposium: Accelerating National Development through Engineering, Zambezi Sun, Livingstone, 12 April 2013.
4.    Kalikiti W.S. and Zulu A. (2013) Historical Geography and Energy Infrastructure of Zambia. Doshisha University Global Resource Management Seminar, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, 25 March.
5.    Ziwa T. and Nyirenda E. (2013) Development of a Water Resource Allocation Tool for the Chalibana Catchment in Zambia. Presented at the Symposium “Coping with Challenges of Water and Sanitation Access in Zambia”, Zambia Water Forum and Exhibition, New Government Complex, Lusaka, 4-5 November.

2012
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Sibanyama G, M Muya and C Kaliba (2012)  An overview of construction claims: A case study of the Zambian construction industry, International Journal of Construction Management, Volume 12 Number 1, pp 65 – 81, ISSN: 15623599, The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management
2.    Zulu, A., Mecrow, B.C., and Armstrong, M. (2012) Permanent-magnet flux-switching synchronous motor employing a segmental rotor. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 48 (6), 2259-2267. ISSN: 0093-9994. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2012.2226922
3.    Zulu, A., Mecrow, B.C., and Armstrong, M. (2012) Investigation of the dq-equivalent model for performance prediction of flux-switching synchronous motors with segmented rotors. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 59 (6), 2393-2402. ISSN: 0278-0046. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2011.2158043
4.    Virdy S.S. (2012) Performance Testing of Forced Convection Solar Fish Dryers, The Zambian Engineer, Vol. 45 No. 1, pp 44-55. ISSN 1608-6678.
5.    Sibooli,H, Banda, .N and Phiri,Z (2012) Incentives for Water and Sanitation Utility Companies to Serve the Urban Poor in Zambia to Attain the MDGs. The Zambian Engineer, Vol. 45 No. 1. ISSN 1608-6678.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Mukalula P M and M Muya (2012)  Understanding risks in Public Private Partnership construction projects in Zambia, 1st International Conference on Infrastructure Development in Africa, 22-24 March 2012, Conference Proceedings, pp 541-558, College of Architecture and Planning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
2.    Mukumbwa B and M Muya(2012) Unethical Practices in the Construction Industry in Zambia,Relevance of Engineering in Sustainable Wealth Creation, Conference Proceedings, pp 58 - 68, 13 April 2012, Engineering Institution of Zambia, Livinstone, Zambia
3.    Kaliba C, M Muya and B Sichombo (2012) Knowledge Creation, Integration and Management in Civil Engineering Consulting Industry:  Opportunities and Challenges. Relevance of Engineering in Sustainable Wealth Creation, Conference Proceedings, pp 47 – 57, 13 April 2012, Engineering Institution of Zambia, Livingstone, Zambia
4.    Nyirenda E. (2012) Development of a Water Resource Allocation Tool for the Upper Lunsemfwa Catchment in Zambia. Proceedings, Harnessing Water for Social and Economic Benefits, Zambia Water Forum and Exhibition, New Government Complex, Lusaka, 5-6 November.
5.    Mwewa, M., Rajan, R., Zulu, A., and Sibanda, P. (2012) Construction of a centralised microprocessor based smart metering system with optimised scheduling of energy usage. In: Proceedings of the South African Institute of Physics, SAIP 2012, 9-13 July 2012, Pretoria, South Africa.


2011
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Musonda H M and M Muya (2011) Construction dispute management and resolution in Zambia.  Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction, Volume 3 Number 4, pp 160 – 169, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000059,ISSN 1943-4162, Journal of the American Society of Civil Engineers
2.    Phiri, Z (2011) Reforming the Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in Zambia: A Critical Analysis. The Zambian Engineer, Vol 44(1)
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Kando H. Moonga, You Linru, Liu Shaojun, (2011), "Algorithm for Compiling Unrestricted Ladder Diagram to IEC 61131-3 Compliant Instruction List", Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2011 Vol II, pp949 – 954, WCE 2011, July 6 - 8, London, U.K.  www.iaeng.org/publication/WCE2011/WCE2011_pp949-954.pdf
2.    C. S. Lubobya, M. E. Dlodlo, G.de Jagar (2011) Optimization of 4x4 integer DCT in H.264/AVC video encoders, in proceedings of the 14th southern African telecommunication network and applications conference (SATNAC), Sept. 2011. 
3.    C. S. Lubobya, M. E. Dlodlo, G.de Jagar (2011) SIMD implementation of integer DCT and Hadamard transforms in H.264/AVC encoders,  in proceedings of the IEEE African Conference (AFRICON), Sept. 2011.


2010
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Nyirenda, E., and Taigbenu, A. E. (2010). "3-D Green Element Method for Potential Flows." Proc., Advances in Boundary Element Techniques XI, EC Ltd, Berlin, Germany, pp 462-467. ISBN: 978-0-9547783-7-8
2.    Zulu, A., Mecrow, B.C., and Armstrong, M. (2010) A wound-field three-phase flux-switching synchronous motor with all excitation sources on the stator,’ IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 46 (6), 2363-2371. ISSN: 0093-9994. DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2010.2072972
3.    Taigbenu, A. E., and Nyirenda, E. (2010). "Revisiting the Stream-Aquifer Flow Problem with a Flux-Based Green Element Model." Water SA, Vol. 36 (No. 3), pp  287-294.ISSN: 1816-7950
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Siaminwe L. (2010) Publish or Perish: An Aphorism the 21st Century Professional Engineer must Embrace to Update their Knowledge. Proceedings of the 4th Engineers Without Borders (EWB) on Engineering: Spearheading Investments and Economic Prosperity for Regional Integration, Elephant Hills Resort Centre, Victoria Falls Zimbabwe, 10-14 November. Paper available on http://www.zie.org.zw/Downloadabledocs/W Publications and Reports/PUBLISH OR PERISH Dr. L.pdf
2.    Nyirenda L.D, and Siaminwe L., (2010) Anchoring Sustainable Development through Engineering Performance Excellence and Total Quality. Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 2010 National Symposium on Engineering in Sustainable Development, Zambezi Sun Hotel, Livingstone, 27 August. This was a keynote presentation.
3.    Zulu, A., Mecrow, B.C., and Armstrong, M. (2010) Prediction of performance of a wound-field segmented-rotor flux-switching synchronous motor using a dq-equivalent model. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Electrical Machines, ICEM 2010, 6-8 September 2010, Rome, Italy, pp. 1-6. ISBN 978-1-4244-2893-9. DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICELMACH.2010.5608034
4.    Zulu, A., Mecrow, B.C., and Armstrong, M. (2010) Topologies for wound-field three-phase flux-switching machines using segmented rotors. In: Proceedings of the IET 5th International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, PEMD 2010, 18-21 April 2010, Brighton, UK, pp. 1-6. ISBN 978-1-84919-231-6. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/cp.2010.0090
5.    Zulu, A., Mecrow, B.C., and Armstrong, M. (2010) Comparison of topologies for wound-field three-phase flux-switching machines using segmental rotors. In: Proceedings of the EECE Postgraduate Conference, PGC 2010, 13-14 January 2010, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, pp. 1-4.
6.    C. S. Lubobya, M. E. Dlodlo, G.de Jagar (2010) Fast Implementation of Integer Transforms in H.264/AVC Video Encoders, in proceedings of the 13th southern African telecommunication network and applications conference (SATNAC), Sept. 2010.


2009
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Sichombo B M, M Muya,W Shakantu and C Kaliba (2009)The need for technical auditing in the Zambian construction industry.  International Journal of Project Management,   The Journal of the Project Management Association, Volume 27 Issue Number 8, November 2009, pp 821 – 832, doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2009.02.001, ISSN: 0263-7863, Elsevier, www.elservier.com/locate/ijprman, UK
2.    Mang’elele I and M Muya (2009) Risk assessment and model for community-based construction projects in Zambia.  Botswana Journal of Technology, Volume 18Issue Number 1, April 2009, pp26 – 37, ISSN 1019 – 1593, Indexed and Abstracted in Chemical Abstracts and African Journals Online (AJOL) at http://www.ajol.info
3.    Shakantu M W, M Muya, J E Tookey and P A Bowen (2009) Conceptualising reverse logistics in a construction context: re-defining their contours.  Journal of Contemporary Management, Volume 6, pp. 81 - 96 - 204, ISSN 1815-7440
4.    Kaliba C, M Muya and K Mumba (2009) Cost escalation and schedule delays in road construction projects in Zambia.  International Journal of Project Management, The Journal of the Project Management Association,  Volume 27 Issue Number 5, pp 522 – 531, doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2008.07.003, ISSN: 0263-7863, Elsevier, www.elservier.com/locate/ijprman, UK
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Singandu N. and Siaminwe L. (2009) The Impact of ZESCO’s Power Rationing on selected Lusaka-based Manufacturing Firms. Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 2009 National Symposium on Human Capital and Infrastructure Needs for Zambia, Mulungushi Conference Center, Lusaka, August.
2.    Zulu, A., Mecrow, B.C., and Armstrong, M. (2009) A wound-field three-phase flux-switching synchronous motor with all excitation sources on the stator. In: Proceedings of the IEEE 1st Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2009, 20-23 September 2009, San José, California, USA, pp. 1502-1509. ISBN 978-1-4244-4175-4. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2009.5316544
3.    Kaluba C and M Muya (2009) Development of an Infrastructure Report Card System for Zambia. Human Capital and Infrastructural Needs for Zambia, 2009 Engineering Institution of Zambia Symposium, pp 17 – 30, 28 August 2009, Mulungushi International Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia
4.    Chabota J Kaliba, M Muya and BalimuSichombo (2009) Enhancement of construction projects delivery in Zambia. Human Capital and Infrastructural Needs for Zambia, 2009 Engineering Institution of Zambia Symposium, pp 11 – 16, 28 August 2009, Mulungushi International Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia
5.    Sichombo B, M Muya and C Kaliba (2009) Promotion of ethical conduct in the Zambian construction industry through technical auditing.  The Fourth Built Environment Conference Proceedings, pp 79 – 89,ISBN: 978-0-620-43702-8, Association of Schools of Construction of Southern Africa, 17 – 19 May 2009, Livingstone Zambia
6.    Chabota J Kaliba, M Muya and BalimuSichombo (2009) The need to reduce costs, schedule overruns and quality shortfalls in construction. The Fourth Built Environment Conference, pp 154 – 158, ISBN: 978-0-620-43702-8Association of Schools of Construction of Southern Africa, 17 – 19 May 2009, Livingstone Zambia
7.    Muya M, BHeins, R Ahlers and K Luig (2009) The ECOMAXX Project (a poster presentation). Sustainable Value chains – Integrated technologies for a Sustainable Resource Utilisation in Africa, Orgainsed by VolkswagenStiftung, University of Stuttgart and University of Zambia, 14 – 19 March 2009, Lusaka


2008
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Siaminwe L. (2008) Proactive Maintenance: The Fourth Generation of Maintenance. The Zambian Engineer, July/August, Vol.41 No.1, pp 7 - 13. (ISSN 1608-6678)
2.    Banda S., Siaminwe L., Mwaba P., Nkhuwa D.C.W. and Macwang’i M.(2008) Failing the Academy: Low Written Output in an African University. Medical Journal of Zambia, January-March, Vol.35 No.1, pp 17-21. (ISSN 0047-651X)
3.    Mang’elele I and M Muya (2008) Community-based construction project risks in Zambia.  Journal of Construction, Volume 2 Issue Number 1, pp. 1 - 8 ISSN 1994-7402, Official Journal of the Association of Schools of Construction of Southern Africa
4.    Shakantu M W, M Muya, J E Tookey and P A Bowen (2008) Assessment of construction vehicle utilisation efficiency: a case study.  Journal of Contemporary Management, Volume 5, pp. 182 - 204, ISSN 1815-7440
5.    Shakantu M W, M Muya, J E Tookey and P A Bowen (2008) Evaluating truck empty running in construction: a case study from Cape Town.  The Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, Volume 8 Issue Number 2, pp. 41 – 49,  ISSN 1445-2634, Journal of The Australian Institute of Quantity Surveyors and The Australian Institute of Building
6.    Mang’elele I and M Muya (2008) Risk identification on community-based construction projects in Zambia.  Journal of Engineering, Design and technology, Volume 6 Issue Number 2, pp. 145 - 161 ISSN 1726-0531, Southern African Built Environment Research Centre (SABERC) – CIOB Africa, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, available at www.emeraldinsight.com/1726-0531.htm
7.    Muya M, W Shakantu, F T Edum-Fotwe, N AKheni, A D F Price, A G F Gibb (2008) Occupational Safety and Health Practices: How does Construction Compare with other Sectors Globbally?  The Zambian Engineer, Volume41Issue Number1, pp. 14 – 21, ISSN 1608-6678, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia
8.    Shakantu W M, M Muya,J E Tookey and P A Bowen(2008) Flow modelling of construction site materials and waste logistics: a case study from Cape Town, South Africa.  Journal of Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Volume 15  Issue Number 5, pp 423 - 439, ISSN 0969-9988, Available at www.emeraldinsight.com/0969-9988.htm, Emerald Group Publishing Limited
9.    Phiri, Z (2008) Evolution of Cooperation on a Shared International Watercourse in Southern Africa. International Water Resources Association Update. Vol 21(1)
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Banda I, M Muya, D Root and K Catell (2008) Public-Private Partnerships as a vehicle to providing water supply services to peri-urban communities in Zambia, Accelerating Regional Wealth Creation through value Adding Activities, 2008 Engineers Without Borders Symposium co-hosted by the Engineering Institution of Zambia and the Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers, Zambezi sun, Livingstone, Zambia
2.    Buttigieg V and Muya M (2008) An insider’s guide to getting published in research journals, XVIII Standing Conference of eastern, Central and Southern Africa Library and Information Associations (SCECSAL XVIII), 10 -11 June 2008, Mulungushi International Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia
3.    Phiri, Z (2008) Accelerated Regional Development through Integrated Transboundary Water Resources Management – The Case of the Zambezi River Basin. In Proceedings of the 2008 Engineers without Borders Conference, Livingstone, Zambia





2007
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Muya M, A D F Price and EdumFotwe (2007) Training levy to support construction craft skills training in Zambia.  The West Indian Journal of Engineering, Volume 30 Issue Number 1, pp 37 – 44, ISSN 0511-5728, Faculty of Engineering, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Republic of Trinidad & Tobago
2.    Shakantu W M, J E Tookey, M Muya and P A Bowen (2007) Beyond Egan’s supply chain management: advancing the role of logistics in the South African construction industry.  Acta Structilia, Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences, Volume 4 Issue Number 1, pp. 93 – 115, ISSN 1023-0564, The University of the Free State, South Africa
3.    Siaminwe L. and Munakaampe G.M. (2007) An Assessment of the Current State of Cleaner Production Education and Training in Zambia. The Zambian Engineer, July/August, Vol.40 No.1, pp 20 - 29. ISSN 1608-6678
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Hamwendo A., Siaminwe L., Mwenda H.M. and Phiri J. (2007) Manufacturing Cell Design and Evaluation for Adding Value to Copper in Zambia. Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 2007 National Symposium on The Role of Engineering Profession in Fostering National Development, Lusaka, 31 August, pp 34 – 46.
2.    Malama T., Mwenda H.M., Siaminwe L., and Tambatamba M.J. (2007) Manufacture of a Collimator on a 3-Axes CNC VMC. Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 2007 National Symposium on The Role of Engineering Profession in Fostering National Development, Lusaka, 31 August, pp 52 – 65.
3.    Katebe, R., Machalik, B., Phiri,Z and Nkhuwa, D.C.W (2007) Status of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides in Copper Mine Wastewater in Zambia. In Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Naturally Occurring Radionuclides (NORM V), Serville, Spain
4.    Simate, I.N. and Ahrne, L.M. (2007) Drying Kinetics of Fresh Banana Slices under Combined Microwave and Hot-Air Drying. International Multi-Discipline Conference on Recent Advances in Research 26th – 27th September, 2007, University of Zambia, Lusaka.


2006
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Muya M, F T Edum-Fotwe, A D F Price and A G F Gibb (2006)  Global perspectives on Occupational Health and Safety Management.  The Zambian Engineer, Volume 39 Issue Number 1, pp. 36 – 44, ISSN 1608-6678, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia
2.    Muya M, A D F Price and Edum-Fotwe (2006) Gender and HIV/AIDS in the construction craft workforce in Zambia in the context of the Millennium Development Goals. Botswana Journal of Technology, Volume 15 Issue Number 1, pp55 – 5p, ISSN 1019 – 1593, Indexed and Abstracted in Chemical Abstracts and African Journals Online (AJOL)(http://www.ajol.info)
3.    Muya M, A D F Price and Edum-Fotwe (2006) Construction craft skills requirements in Sub-Saharan Africa: a focus on Zambia.  Journal of Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Volume13 Issue Number 3, pp 223 – 241, ISSN 0969-9988, Available at www.emeraldinsight.com/0969-9988.htm
4.    Muya M, A D F Price and Edum-Fotwe (2006) Planning construction craft skills training requirements in Zambia.  Construction Information Quarterly, Volume 8 Issue Number1, pp 19 – 24, Journal of the Chartered Institute of Building
5.    Muya M, A D F Price and Edum-Fotwe (2006) Overview of funding for construction craft skills training in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case study of Zambia.  Journal of Construction Management and Economics, Volume 24 February Issue, pp 197-208, ISSN 0144-6193 print or 1466-433X online, Taylor & Francis athttp://www.tandf.co.uk/journals

Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Maňelele I, Muya M and Mumba K (2006) Challenges of providing education infrastructure to meet the Millenium Development Goals in Zambia.  The role of Engineering in the sustainable attainment of the Millenium Development Goals.  Conference Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia National Symposium, August 25, 2006, Edinburgh Hotel, Kitwe, Zambia


2005
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Siaminwe L., Chinsembu K.C. and Syakalima M. (2005). Policy and Operational Constraints for the Implementation of Cleaner Production in Zambia”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol.13 No.10-11, pp 1037-1047. (ISSN 0959-6526)
2.    Muya M and S Mashamba (2005) The Significance of SMEs in the construction sector.  The Zambian Engineer, Volume 38 Issue Number 1, pp. 25 – 31, ISSN 1608-6678, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Maňelele I, Mumba K, Muya M and (2005) Risk management in the procurement of community-based construction projects in developing countries.  Engineering 2005 – Celebrating 50 Years of Engineering in Zambia. Conference Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia National Symposium, August 26, 2005, TajPamodzi Hotel, Lusaka, Zambia
2.    Mumba K, Muya M and Maňelele I (2005) Risk analysis and management for publicly funded road construction works: a study of Zambia.  Engineering 2005 – Celebrating 50 Years of Engineering in Zambia.  Conference Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia National Symposium, August 26, 2005, TajPamodzi Hotel, Lusaka, Zambia
3.    Mulenga M N, Muya M, Tambatamba M J, Imasiku M, Chinkusu J M and Shitumbanuma V (2005) Cement and lime stabilized soil blocks and their quality evaluation.  VLIR-UNZA IUC International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research, 11 – 12 August, Taj Pamodzi Hotel, Lusaka
4.    Tambatamba M J, Imasiku M, Chinkusu J M, Muya M, Mulenga M N and Shitumbanuma V (2005) The performance of TD Interlocking and Plain Block Making Machines using varying soil and stabilizer types.  VLIR-UNZA IUC International Conference on Interdisciplinary Research, 11 – 12 August, TajPamodzi Hotel, Lusaka


2004
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Muya M, Mulenga M N, Bwalya D C, Edum-Fotwe F T and Price A D F (2004) Construction Skills Requirement Issues in Zambia.  The Zambian Engineer, Volume 37Issue Number2,pp. 48 – 52, ISSN 1608-6678, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia
2.    Muya M and Mumba W (2004) Sustainable Construction and Environmental Management: Lessons from Lusaka City Roads Project.  The Zambian Engineer, Volume37 Issue Number 2, pp. 40 – 47, ISSN 1608-6678, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia
3.    Siaminwe L. (2004) Key Elements to Achieving Productivity Improvement. The Zambian Engineer, July/August, Vol.37 No.2, pp 6 - 9. (ISSN 1608-6678)
4.    Chizyuka C.G. Mwenda H.M. Siaminwe L. and Mwanza M. (2004) Multi-Profile Turning on a Computer Numerically Controlled Vertical Milling Centre. The Zambian Engineer, January/February, Vol.37 No.1, pp 33 – 40. (ISSN 1608-6678 )
5.    Simate, I.N. (2004) Experimental investigation of a natural convection dryer using a biomass air heater. Special Edition on Inter-Disciplinary Research, University of Zambia Journal of Science and Technology, June 2004, 50 – 55. ISSN 1027-4928.
6.    Nguz, K., Shindano, J., Kasase, C., Hikeezi, D.M. and Simate, I.N. (2004) Evaluation of potential microbiological risks in raw and pasteurised milk produced in Lusaka town of Zambia. Special Edition on Inter-Disciplinary Research, University of Zambia Journal of Science and Technology, June 2004, 17 – 23. ISSN 1027-4928.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    M Muya, M N Mulenga, D C Bwalya, F T Edum-Fotwe and A D F Price (2004) Long Period Analysis of Construction Skills Supply in Zambia..20th Annual Conference of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Conference Proceedings, September 3 – 5, 2003: Annual Conference and General Meeting, Volume 1, pp 279 – 287, ISBN 0 9534 161 8 6 , Brighton University, England
2.    Muya M, Mashamba S, Edum-Fotwe F T and Price A D F (2004) SMEs in theGlobal Construction Sector: Organisational and Operational Challenges. Towards a Unified Global Building and Construction Market, An International Conference on the Building and Construction Industry, Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, 15 – 17 September, 2004
3.    Muya M, Mulenga M N, Kazonga E, Edum-Fotwe F T and Price A D F (2004) Construction Craft Skills Training in Africa:  A Focus on Zambia.  Towards a Unified Global Building and Construction Market, An International Conference on the Building and Construction Industry, Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, 15 – 17 September, 2004
4.    Simate, I.N. (2004) Natural convection dryer using a biomass air heater. Conference on Inter-disciplinary Research, 25th and 26th March 2004, Mulungushi International Conference Centre, Lusaka.
5.    Shindano J., Nguz, K., Kasase, C., Hikeezi, D.M. and Simate, I.N. (2004) Microbial Quality of Raw and Pasteurised Milk in Zambia. Conference on Inter-disciplinary Research, 25th and 26th March 2004, Mulungushi International


2003
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Simate, I.N. (2003) Optimization of Mixed-mode and Indirect-mode natural convection Solar dryers. Renewable Energy 28 (3), 435 - 453. ISSN 0960-1481.
2.    Simate, I.N. and Kwendakwema, N.J. (2003) Drying of vegetables in solar dryers with wind driven and electric driven fans – a comparison. The Zambian Engineer- Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia 36 (1) 13 - 16.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Muya M, Mulenga M N, Bwalya D C, Edum-Fotwe F T and Price A D F (2003) Construction Skills Requirement Issues in Zambia.  19th Annual Conference of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Conference Proceedings, September 3 – 5, 2003: Annual Conference and General Meeting, Volume 1, pp 279 – 287, ISBN 0 9534 161 8 6, Brighton University, England


2002
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Siaminwe L. (2002) Globalisation of Manufacturing: Trends, Challenges and Prospects for Less Developed Countries. The Zambian Engineer, January/February, Vol.35 No.1, pp 20 – 27. (ISBN 9982 41 005 9)
2.    Muya M, Simate I N and Mununga L (2002) Indicative Status of Professional Membership of EIZ and ERB. The Zambian Engineer, Volume 35Issue Number 1, ISBN 9982 41 005 9, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia
3.    Muya M, Simate I N and Mununga L (2002) Indicative Status of Professional Membership of EIZ and ERB. The Zambian Engineer, Volume 35Issue Number 1, ISBN 9982 41 005 9, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Zulu, A., and Nyirenda, L.D. (2002) Overview on the potential for alternative energy development. In: Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia Annual symposium, 30 August 2002, Kitwe, Zambia,  pp. 1-14.


2001
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Simate, I.N. (2001), Simulation of the Mixed-Mode Natural-Convection Solar Drying of Maize. Drying Technology - An International Journal, 19 (6), 1137–1155. ISSN 0737-3937.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Muya M (2001) On Learning Organisations. The Consultants' Role in Africa inthe New Era. Conference Proceedings of Group of African Members Association (GAMA) of the International Federation of Consulting Engineers' (FIDIC), GAMA 2001 Conference, 21 - 24 March, 2001, Lusaka, Zambia
2.    Muya M, Mununga L and Simate I N (2001) Indicative Status of Professional Membership of EIZ and ERB.  Engineering 2001 – A Tool for National Development.  Conference Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) National Symposium, August 24, 2001, Mulungushi International Conference Centre, Lusaka, Zambia


2000
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.   
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Woods, J.L.; Silayo, V.C.K. and Simate, I.N. (2000), Solar Drying on a Perforated Surface: Deep Bed Simulation with Radiation and Conduction Terms. Paper Number 00-PH-012. European Agricultural Engineering Conference, Warwick 2000, University of Warwick, U.K. July 2 – 7, 2000.


1999
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Muya M, Price A D F and Thorpe A and Edum-Fotwe F (1999) Application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process to the Evaluation of Logistics Factors and their Contributions in Construction Materials Supply, Journal of Construction Procurement, Volume5 Issue Number2, pp. 99-117, ISSN 1358 9180.
2.    Siaminwe L. and Clegg A.J. (1999) Effect of Processing Variables on Structure and Tensile Properties of Investment Cast Al-Si-Mg Casting Alloy. Materials Science and Technology, July, Vol.15 pp 812 - 820. (ISSN 0267-0836)
3.    Simate, I.N. (1999) Experimental Testing of a Wind operated Fan Solar Dryer. First National Conference on Recent Advances in Engineering Research and Development (CRERD – I), Intercontinental Hotel, Lusaka, Zambia. 1999, November 12 – 13; published in The Zambian Engineer, 34 (1), 118 – 121, Engineering Institution of Zambia. ISBN 9982-41-000-8.
4.    Muya M (1999) Partnering: A new way of managing construction projects. The Zambian Engineer, Volume 34 Issue Number 1, ISBN 9982-41-000-8, Journal of the Engineering Institution of Zambia
5.    Zulu, A. (1999) Quantifying quality in the electricity supply industry. The Zambian Engineer, 34 (1), 43-48. ISSN: 99822-41-000-8.
6.    Siaminwe L. (1999) Quality Awards – Are They a Means of Total Quality Management Certification? The Zambian Engineer, November, Vol.34 No.1, pp 180 – 185. (ISBN 9982 41 000 8)
7.    Mwanza S.M., Siaminwe L. and Mwenda H.M. (1999) Using Mastercam Mill Software to Program Simulated Turning on a Computer Numerical Control Vertical Machining Centre. The Zambian Engineer, November, Vol.34 No.1, pp 168 – 171. (ISBN 9982 41 000 8)
8.    Nyirenda P.J., Siaminwe L., Mwenda H.M., and Kanyanga S.B. (1999) Design and Process Development of a Centrifugal Pump. The Zambian Engineer, November, Vol.34 No.1, pp 186 – 191. (ISBN 9982 41 000 8)
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Muya M, Price A D F and Thorpe A (1999) Implementation of Information Technology in Materials Logistics in the UK Construction Industry. In:Hughes W (ed) 15th Annual Conference of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol.1, September 15-17, pp.105-113, ISBN 0 95341612 7, Liverpool John Moores University, England
2.    Muya M, Price A D F and Thorpe A (1999) Contractors' supplier management. In: Bowen P A and Hindle R D (eds) Customer Satisfaction: A Focus for Research and Practice in Construction, Proceedings of the Joint Triennial Symposium of the CIB W55/W65, Vol.2, September 5-10, pp. 632-640, ISBN 0-620-23944-1, University of Cape Town, South Africa
3.    Muya M (1999) Partnering: A New Way of Managing Construction Projects. In:Kanyanga  S. B. and Ng'andu A. N. (eds), Proceedings of the First National Conference on Recent Advances in Engineering Research and Development (CRERD), Hotel Intercontinental, November 12 - 13, pp. 26-30, ISBN 9982-41-000-8.
4.    Simate, I.N. (1999) Solar Power Utilization in Agro-Processing. Engineering Institution of Zambia National Symposium, Taj-Pamodzi Hotel, Lusaka, Zambia. 1999, August 27 –28.
5.    Siaminwe L. (1999) Quality Transformation in Zambia – What Strategy? Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 1999 National Symposium on “Engineering: A Sub-Regional Perspective”, Taj Pamodzi Hotel, Lusaka, 27-28 August.
6.    Mwanza S.M. Siaminwe L. and Mwenda H.M. (1999) Adaptive Widening of the Capability of the Computer Numerical Control Vertical Machining Centre to include Turning Operations – An Investigation. Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 1999 National Symposium on “Engineering: A Sub-Regional Perspective”, Taj Pamodzi Hotel, Lusaka, 27-28 August.

1998
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.   
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Muya M, Price A D F and Thorpe A (1998) Supplier Evaluation of Logistics Factors and their Contribution to Improved Customer Service.  14th Annual Conference of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference Proceedings, 1998: Annual Conference and General Meeting, Volume 2, pp. 359 - 368, ISBN 09534161 00, Reading University: Reading, England
2.    Siaminwe L. (1998) World Class Manufacturing. Proceedings of the Engineering Institution of Zambia (EIZ) 1998 National Symposium on “Quality and Productivity – The Engineers’ Role”, Hotel Edinburgh, Kitwe, 28-29 August.

1997
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.   
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Simate, I.N. and Woods, J.L. (1997) Simulation and Optimization of a Mixed-mode Natural Convection Maize Solar Dryer. Silsoe Postharvest Convention, Cranfield University, U.K.
2.    Muya M, Price A D F and Thorpe A (1997) Construction Materials Supply Logistics,13th Annual Conference of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference Proceedings, 1997: Annual Conference and General Meeting, Volume 1, pp. 144 – 153, ISBN 08 339 759X, Kings College, Cambridge, England

1996
 
Category    Bibliographic Citation*
Refereed Journals    1.    Siaminwe L. and Clegg A.J. (1996) Optimisation of the Mechanical Properties in an Investment Cast Aluminium Alloy. The Foundryman, Vol.89 No.8, pp 231 - 238.
Refereed Proceedings of Conference    1.    Siaminwe L. and Clegg A.J. (1996) Investment Casting of An Aluminium Alloy. Proceedings of Conference “IBF Conference - Ensuring the Highest Quality and Reliability in Light Alloy Castings”, Moor Hall Hotel, Sutton Coldfield, UK, 28-29 October.
2.    Siaminwe L., Lim C.S. and Clegg A.J. (1996) Mechanical Property Enhancement in an Investment Cast Aluminium Alloy and Metal Matrix Composite. Proceedings of the 9th World Conference on Investment Casting, San Franscisco, USA, 13-16 October, pp 17.1-17.8.
3.    Siaminwe L. and Clegg A.J. (1996) The Optimisation of Mechanical Properties in Investment Cast 356 Aluminium Alloy. Proceedings of the TMS International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials V, Cincinnati, Ohio, 6-10 October, pp 37-57, ISBN 0 87339 349 X.
4.    Siaminwe L. and Clegg A.J. (1996) Optimisation of the Mechanical Properties in an Investment Cast Aluminium Alloy. Proceedings of Conference “IBF 93rd Annual Conference-Towards Foundry 2000”, Blackrod, Lancashire, UK, 3-5 July.
5.    Siaminwe L., Mohd Hasbullah I., Lim C.S., and Clegg A.J. (1996) Investment Casting Research. Proceedings of Conference “European Investment Casters' Federation Lost Wax '96 - Future Trends Colloquium Presentation”, Maastricht, 19-21 March.